General Description

The harsh edible fruit or harsh gourd is the bitterest of all vegetables glorious to humankind, but it is likewise the maximum medicinally effective. Though bitter, its fruit is eaten up as a vegetal and is utilised to spawn several mouthwatering dishes especially in India. In India, the unfriendly calabash is familiar as the karela. Its biologic given name is Momordica charantia.

Morphologically, the harsh melon is an nonwoody vascular plant which bears tendrils and it animal disease along supports. Leaves are unsophisticated and alternate, and flowers are yellowish. Male and feminine flowers push on isolate shrubbery. The reproductive structure of the plant, which is known as the discordant melon, has an simple form beside a rough out and is cloudy greenish in color.

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Bitter edible fruit possesses diverse chemicals specified as charantin, peptides resembling hypoglycemic agent and several alkaloids. Due to these constituents, discordant edible fruit is pretty widely previously owned in the tending of diabetes mellitus.


Bitter melon is a important vegetal. It is purposeful in record organic process and biological science processes of the human article. It has the tailing properties:-

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(i) Bitter melon is unruffled of a range of chemicals that have a hypoglycemic activity, i.e. they cut back on the magnitude of sugar in the bodily fluid.

(ii) Bitter edible fruit stimulates appetite.

(iii) Bitter edible fruit helps in the total chemical action procedure. Hence it is previously owned in psychoanalysis of biological process difficulties.

(iv) Bitter melon has emetic, purgative and anthelmentic properties. It is besides anti-flatulent.

(v) Bitter edible fruit is used in the dissolving of fats from the unit. It is better-known to have anti-lipolytic properties.

(vi) Bitter melon possesses all the important vitamins in keen amounts, specified as victuals A, thiamine, riboflavin, alimentation C and likewise minerals similar to iron.

(vii) Bitter edible fruit is anti-inflammatory drug and sour. It has particularised commotion on the motion of innards.


(i) Anorexia

Bitter edible fruit is an appetite stimulating. Hence it is previously owned in the conduct of anorexia, a disorder in which a party is unable to eat the sought after magnitude of supplies.

(ii) Blood Impurities

Bitter gourd is utilized as a liquid body substance setup due to its acrimonious tautness properties. It can meliorate boils and other than liquid body substance affiliated worries that variety up on the shell. For treatment, a cup of the liquid of the rancorous edible fruit essential be interpreted all day in the morning, near a spoon of the juice of the citrous fruit lemon in it.

(iii) Diabetes Mellitus

A lot has been graphical latterly roughly speaking the especially good aspects of discordant melon in the management of polygenic disease. As before discussed above, harsh edible fruit has a grownup of acrimonious chemicals in which, which are hypoglycaemic in commotion. It as well has at tiniest one stuff that is approaching the insulin secreted by the quality duct gland glands. Hence, harsh edible fruit is fantastically strong in the remedy of polygenic disease mellitus. Doctors all concluded the planetary dictate having either resentful edible fruit food product azoic in the antemeridian or to consider it in several other than style in the daily fare. Regular use of rancorous edible fruit ended a period of event helps to take the humour sugar height downfield.

(iv) Diarrhea

For diarrhea, the juice of a spiteful lemon is various near the food product of the spring onions, both two teaspoons in sum. This is afterwards supplemental with the juice of a citrus. This liquid is given to the long-suffering twofold a day. This remedy is besides decisive in activity the diarrhoea that is caused due to epidemic cholera.

(v) Hangovers

The juice of the resentful melon is marvellous remedy for hangovers. It is as well highly useful in preventing the internal organ change that occurs due to undue alcoholism.

(vi) Piles

In legal proceeding of piles, the crisp juice of resentful melons is nonarbitrary to the diligent near sympathetic results. Three teaspoons of food product of the hostile edible fruit leaves is to be extracted respectively morning, supplemental to a containerful of buttermilk and past used up on an abandoned tum. Carrying on this habitual for thirty days will pleasure pain categorically. Even externally, the pulp of the leaves of the piles can be applied done the hemorrhoids.

(vii) Pyorrhea

Pyorrhea is hurt from the gums. Including discordant melon in the on a daily basis fare or having every of its foodstuff all morning on an deprived of tummy helps to trim back this fault.

(viii) Respiratory Problems

The cement of the leaves of the acrimonious edible fruit is various with level amounts of the cement of tulsi leaves. This is taken next to honey all morning as a psychotherapy and interference for metabolic process hitches such as asthma, bronchitis, undivided colds and pharyngitis.

(ix) Skin Infections

In proceedings of scabies, fungal infection and psoriasis, etc. one cup of spiteful edible fruit liquid essential be had respectively antemeridian on an unfilled tum. This liquid can be made more powerful by tallying a containerful total of the juice of the lime hydrate in it. It is likewise utilised in bar of leprosy in gullible regions of the planetary.

Special Ayurvedic Preparations

Bitter melon is utilized largely as a rootlike. It is incorporated in the day-to-day fare. Its foodstuff is besides prescribed, generally blended with remaining citrus fruit juices suchlike those of the lemon. There are no notable preparations made out of the karela, as it is by and large consumed in its undeveloped gel.


There has been many proof that the food product of the karela may bring on conclusion of fetuses in expectant women. More research on this is active on. At the aforementioned time, attempts are anyone made to wring the necessary components of the acrimonious edible fruit in a more satisfactory and not detrimental constitute for quality bodily function.



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